PASSAGES: Joao Gilberto, father of Bossa Nova, dead at 88

Brazilian artist Joao Gilberto, who in the 1950s pioneered the new latin sound called bossa nova, has died at his home in Rio de Janeiro, he was 88 years old. Gilberto has often been given primary credit from many music historians as writing the first song in a new style which would later be referred to as the bossa nova, or new beat. The pioneering sound drew on Brazil’s samba tradition but was typically performed at much lower volume, and eliminating the heavy beats of drums and other percussion typically found in samba music. According to some, the jazz guitarist

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